Oracle Database 12c: Apply 12.1.0.1.1 PSU (October 2013)


1. Preface

To apply PSU 12.1.0.1.1 oracle provides some new tools to reach this goal.

2. Apply PSU to single instance database

2.1 Set enviroment

[bash install]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [CDB1] ?
The Oracle base remains unchanged with value /opt/oracle/app
[bash install]$

2.2 Check OPatch version

[oracle install]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch lsinventory | grep version
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.1.0.1.0
OPatch version    : 12.1.0.1.0
OUI version       : 12.1.0.1.0

2.3 Upgrade OPatch

[oracle install]$ cp p6880880_121010_Linux-x86-64.zip $ORACLE_HOME
[oracle install]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME
[oracle dbhome_1]$ mv OPatch OPatch.old
[oracle dbhome_1]$ unzip p6880880_121010_Linux-x86-64.zip
Archive:  p6880880_121010_Linux-x86-64.zip
   creating: OPatch/
  inflating: OPatch/opatchauto
   creating: OPatch/jlib/
  inflating: OPatch/jlib/oracle.opatch.classpath.jar
  inflating: OPatch/jlib/oracle.opatch.classpath.windows.jar
  inflating: OPatch/jlib/opatch.jar
  inflating: OPatch/jlib/opatchsdk.jar
  inflating: OPatch/jlib/oracle.opatch.classpath.unix.jar
   creating: OPatch/oplan/
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/oplan.bat
   creating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/oplan.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/osysmodel-utils.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/patchsdk.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/JMXDrivers.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/Validation.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/bundle.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/oracle.oplan.classpath.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/OuiDriver.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/automation.jar
   creating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/jaxb/
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/jaxb/jaxb-impl.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/jaxb/activation.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/jaxb/jaxb-api.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/jaxb/jsr173_1.0_api.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/EMrepoDrivers.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/CRSProductDriver.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/ValidationRules.jar
   creating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/apache-commons/
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/apache-commons/commons-cli-1.0.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/jlib/OsysModel.jar
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/oplan
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/README.txt
  inflating: OPatch/oplan/README.html
   creating: OPatch/opatchprereqs/
  inflating: OPatch/opatchprereqs/prerequisite.properties
   creating: OPatch/opatchprereqs/opatch/
  inflating: OPatch/opatchprereqs/opatch/opatch_prereq.xml
  inflating: OPatch/opatchprereqs/opatch/runtime_prereq.xml
  inflating: OPatch/opatchprereqs/opatch/rulemap.xml
   creating: OPatch/opatchprereqs/oui/
  inflating: OPatch/opatchprereqs/oui/knowledgesrc.xml
  inflating: OPatch/emdpatch.pl
  inflating: OPatch/opatch.pl
  inflating: OPatch/opatch
  inflating: OPatch/opatch.bat
  inflating: OPatch/README.txt
  inflating: OPatch/datapatch.bat
   creating: OPatch/docs/
  inflating: OPatch/docs/Prereq_Users_Guide.txt
  inflating: OPatch/docs/Users_Guide.txt
  inflating: OPatch/docs/FAQ
   creating: OPatch/ocm/
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/ocm_platforms.txt
 extracting: OPatch/ocm/ocm.zip
   creating: OPatch/ocm/lib/
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/emocmclnt.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/emocmclnt-14.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/http_client.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/osdt_jce.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/jnet.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/emocmcommon.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/xmlparserv2.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/log4j-core.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/jcert.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/jsse.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/osdt_core3.jar
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/lib/regexp.jar
   creating: OPatch/ocm/bin/
  inflating: OPatch/ocm/bin/emocmrsp
  inflating: OPatch/operr_readme.txt
 extracting: OPatch/version.txt
  inflating: OPatch/operr.bat
  inflating: OPatch/opatch.ini
  inflating: OPatch/datapatch
  inflating: OPatch/operr
  inflating: PatchSearch.xml
[oracle dbhome_1]$

2.4 Check OPatch pre apply requirements

[oracle dbhome_1]$ cd /opt/oracle/install
[oracle install]$ unzip p17027533_121010_Linux-x86-64.zip
Archive:  p17027533_121010_Linux-x86-64.zip
   creating: 17027533/
  inflating: 17027533/README.html
 extracting: 17027533/README.txt
   creating: 17027533/etc/
   creating: 17027533/etc/config/
  inflating: 17027533/etc/config/actions.xml
  inflating: 17027533/etc/config/inventory.xml
   creating: 17027533/files/
   creating: 17027533/files/lib/
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/asmcmdexceptions.pm
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/librs12.so
   creating: 17027533/files/lib/libgeneric12.a/
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libgeneric12.a/kgh.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libgeneric12.a/kgl4.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libgeneric12.a/kxdcap.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libgeneric12.a/kgl.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libgeneric12.a/kgl2.o
   creating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ksp.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpdbd.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kmm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kjbm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ksb.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kkm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kqr.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kjcts.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ktsj.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/opilof.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kkzl.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kcvfdb.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kql.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kjm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/fbadrv.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpdba.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ktm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ksl.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpolon.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/qesrc.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpdbe.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpdb.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kzap.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kzr.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kjbl.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/qerfx.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ksfd.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ksfdaf.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kdu.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/krvrd.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kff.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpon.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpdbutl.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knalf.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/jscr.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kxdam.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knas.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kcfis.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/krt.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ctc.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ksws.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/aud.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/krvt.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kwqr.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kjb.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kzvdve.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kxes.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/cvw.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kqlb.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ktsi.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kfi.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knipg.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/jskq.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kjzd.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kdo.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kjbr.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kwqic.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ksk.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knl.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ktfa.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knahs.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/qol.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ksu.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kcl.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knanr.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kxdofl.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/k2v.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kjfc.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knalse.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kkt.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kzekm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kdn.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kcf.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kwqmn.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ktt.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kzp.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kokl2.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kzckmr.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knasp.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kokt.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kfda.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kfpkg.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpdbicd.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/opiprs.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knahf.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/qksrc.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/dgls.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kzmkr.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kewf.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kcc.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/qkagby.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ksfq.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kewm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpdbcv.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kfd.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kcbo.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knlogc.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kpdbc.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/qmps.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/sol.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/dgl.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/krvxr.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kwslb.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/jskm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/krvxb.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kcb.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kfgb.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knals.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/ktrv.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kkp.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knasx.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knasda.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kfvsu.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knam.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kkeaf.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kwqv.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kzckm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kjzn.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/knac.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/kffm.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libserver12.a/zllc.o
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libnnz12.so
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libnnzst12.a
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/asmcmdshare.pm
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libzt12.a
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/asmcmddisk.pm
  inflating: 17027533/files/lib/libosbws12.so
   creating: 17027533/files/sqlpatch/
  inflating: 17027533/files/sqlpatch/sqlpatch.pm
  inflating: 17027533/files/sqlpatch/sqlpatch.pl
   creating: 17027533/files/sqlpatch/17027533/
  inflating: 17027533/files/sqlpatch/17027533/17027533_apply.sql
  inflating: 17027533/files/sqlpatch/17027533/17027533_rollback.sql
   creating: 17027533/files/rdbms/
   creating: 17027533/files/rdbms/lib/
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/lib/jox.o
   creating: 17027533/files/rdbms/lib/libknlopt.a/
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/lib/libknlopt.a/jox.o
   creating: 17027533/files/rdbms/mesg/
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/mesg/oraus.msg
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/mesg/oraus.msb
   creating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/prvtbstr.plb
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/prvtlmd.plb
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/bundledata_PSU.xml
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/catbundleapply.sql
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/prvtbxstr.plb
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/catuppst.sql
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/catbundle.sql
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/cdenv.sql
  inflating: 17027533/files/rdbms/admin/catbundlerollback.sql
   creating: 17027533/files/bin/
  inflating: 17027533/files/bin/asmcmdcore
   creating: 17027533/files/patch/
   creating: 17027533/files/patch/scripts/
  inflating: 17027533/files/patch/scripts/bug16825779.sql
  inflating: 17027533/files/patch/scripts/bug16286774.sql
[oracle install]$ cd 17027533
[oracle 17027533]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch prereq CheckConflictAgainstOHWithDetail -ph ./
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.1.0.1.2
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

PREREQ session

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.1.0.1.2
OUI version       : 12.1.0.1.0
Log file location : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2013-11-27_21-48-10PM_1.log

Invoking prereq "checkconflictagainstohwithdetail"

Prereq "checkConflictAgainstOHWithDetail" passed.

OPatch succeeded.
[oracle 17027533]$

2.5 Stopping all components

[oracle 17027533]$ lsnrctl stop

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 12.1.0.1.0 - Production on 27-NOV-2013 21:43:34

Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
The command completed successfully
[oracle 17027533]$
[oracle 17027533]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Wed Nov 27 21:43:07 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

SQL> shutdown immediate
Database closed.
Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

2.6 Apply patch

[oracle 17027533]$ $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch/opatch apply
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.1.0.1.2
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.1.0.1.2
OUI version       : 12.1.0.1.0
Log file location : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/17027533_Nov_27_2013_21_43_50/apply2013-11-27_21-43-50PM_1.log

Applying interim patch '17027533' to OH '/opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1'
Verifying environment and performing prerequisite checks...
All checks passed.
Provide your email address to be informed of security issues, install and
initiate Oracle Configuration Manager. Easier for you if you use your My
Oracle Support Email address/User Name.
Visit http://www.oracle.com/support/policies.html for details.
Email address/User Name:

You have not provided an email address for notification of security issues.
Do you wish to remain uninformed of security issues ([Y]es, [N]o) [N]:  y

Please shutdown Oracle instances running out of this ORACLE_HOME on the local system.
(Oracle Home = '/opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1')

Is the local system ready for patching? [y|n]
y
User Responded with: Y
Backing up files...

Patching component oracle.rdbms, 12.1.0.1.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.dbscripts, 12.1.0.1.0...

Patching component oracle.rdbms.rsf, 12.1.0.1.0...

Patching component oracle.ldap.rsf, 12.1.0.1.0...

Patching component oracle.ldap.rsf.ic, 12.1.0.1.0...

Verifying the update...
Patch 17027533 successfully applied
Log file location: /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/17027533_Nov_27_2013_21_43_50/apply2013-11-27_21-43-50PM_1.log

OPatch succeeded.
[oracle 17027533]$

2.7 Start components

[oracle 17027533]$ lsnrctl start

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 12.1.0.1.0 - Production on 27-NOV-2013 21:44:48

Copyright (c) 1991, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Starting /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/bin/tnslsnr: please wait...

TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 12.1.0.1.0 - Production
Log messages written to /opt/oracle/app/diag/tnslsnr/oel12ctest/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening on: (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=oel12ctest)(PORT=1521)))

Connecting to (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=)(PORT=1521))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 12.1.0.1.0 - Production
Start Date                27-NOV-2013 21:44:48
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 0 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Log File         /opt/oracle/app/diag/tnslsnr/oel12ctest/listener/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=oel12ctest)(PORT=1521)))
The listener supports no services
The command completed successfully
[oracle 17027533]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.1.0 Production on Wed Nov 27 21:44:50 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 1269366784 bytes
Fixed Size                  2287912 bytes
Variable Size             855639768 bytes
Database Buffers          402653184 bytes
Redo Buffers                8785920 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> alter pluggable database all open;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.1.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

2.7 Check applied patches

cd $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch
[oracle OPatch]$ ./opatch lsinventory
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.1.0.1.2
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.1.0.1.2
OUI version       : 12.1.0.1.0
Log file location : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2013-11-27_21-52-12PM_1.log

Lsinventory Output file location : /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2013-11-27_21-52-12PM.txt

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Installed Top-level Products (1):

Oracle Database 12c                                                  12.1.0.1.0
There are 1 products installed in this Oracle Home.

Interim patches (1) :

Patch  17027533     : applied on Wed Nov 27 21:49:35 CET 2013
Unique Patch ID:  16677152
Patch description:  "Database Patch Set Update : 12.1.0.1.1 (17027533)"
   Created on 27 Sep 2013, 05:30:33 hrs PST8PDT
   Bugs fixed:
     17034172, 16694728, 16448848, 16863422, 16634384, 16465158, 16320173
     16313881, 16910734, 16816103, 16911800, 16715647, 16825779, 16707927
     16392068, 14197853, 16712618, 17273253, 16902138, 16524071, 16856570
     16465149, 16705020, 16689109, 16372203, 16864864, 16849982, 16946613
     16837842, 16964279, 16459685, 16978185, 16845022, 16195633, 14536110
     16964686, 16787973, 16850996, 16674842, 16838328, 16178562, 15996344
     16503473, 16842274, 16935643, 17000176, 14355775, 16362358, 16994576
     16485876, 16919176, 16928832, 16864359, 16617325, 16921340, 16679874
     16788832, 16483559, 16733884, 16784167, 16286774, 15986012, 16660558
     16674666, 16191248, 16697600, 16993424, 16946990, 16589507, 16173738
     16784143, 16772060, 16991789, 17346196, 16495802, 16859937, 16590848
     16910001, 16603924, 16427054, 16730813, 16227068, 16663303, 16784901
     16836849, 16186165, 16457621, 16007562, 16170787, 16663465, 16524968
     16543323, 17027533, 16675710, 17005047, 16795944, 16668226, 16070351
     16212405, 16523150, 16698577, 16621274, 16930325, 17330580, 16443657

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

OPatch succeeded.

2.8 Postpatch work
Here comes the new section. On 11g and earlier you have to use @catbundle.sql psu apply. In 12g the new tool datapatch will do this work you you.

[oracle 17027533]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/OPatch
[oracle OPatch]$ ./datapatch -verbose
SQL Patching tool version 12.1.0.1.0 on Wed Nov 27 21:46:28 2013
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to database...OK
Determining current state...
Currently installed SQL Patches:
  PDB CDB$ROOT:
  PDB PDB$SEED:
  PDB PDB1:
Currently installed C Patches: 17027533
For the following PDBs: CDB$ROOT
  Nothing to roll back
  The following patches will be applied: 17027533
For the following PDBs: PDB$SEED
  Nothing to roll back
  The following patches will be applied: 17027533
For the following PDBs: PDB1
  Nothing to roll back
  The following patches will be applied: 17027533
Adding patches to installation queue...
Installing patches...
Validating logfiles...
Patch 17027533 apply (pdb CDB$ROOT): SUCCESS
  logfile: /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/sqlpatch/17027533/17027533_apply_CDB1_CDBROOT_2013Nov27_21_46_32.log (no errors)
Patch 17027533 apply (pdb PDB$SEED): SUCCESS
  logfile: /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/sqlpatch/17027533/17027533_apply_CDB1_PDBSEED_2013Nov27_21_46_41.log (no errors)
Patch 17027533 apply (pdb PDB1): SUCCESS
  logfile: /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/sqlpatch/17027533/17027533_apply_CDB1_PDB1_2013Nov27_21_46_44.log (no errors)
SQL Patching tool complete on Wed Nov 27 21:46:53 2013

Problems while patching with datapatch

If you rollback an online patch before you apply the psu you may get an error during datapatch:

[oracle OPatch]$ export OPATCH_DEBUG=true
[oracle OPatch]$ ./datapatch -verbose -debug
SQL Patching tool version 12.1.0.1.0 on Tue Oct 29 13:25:17 2013
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Command line arguments:
db:
apply_list:
rollback_list:
force: 0
prereq: 0
oh:
Connecting to database...OK
Determining current state...
CDB! pdbs: CDB$ROOT PDB$SEED PDB1
Currently installed SQL Patches:
PDB CDB$ROOT:
PDB PDB$SEED:
PDB PDB1:
DBD::Oracle::st execute failed: ORA-20001: Latest xml inventory is not loaded into table
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_QOPATCH", line 1011
ORA-06512: at line 4 (DBD ERROR: OCIStmtExecute) [for Statement "DECLARE
x XMLType;
BEGIN
x := dbms_qopatch.get_pending_activity;
? := x.getStringVal();
END;" with ParamValues: :p1=undef] at /opt/oracle/app/product/12.1.0/dbhome_1/sqlpatch/sqlpatch.pm line 824.
[oracle OPatch]$

This is a problem with directories created during patching …
To solve this issue you can workaround with the following

Check parameter:

SELECT a.ksppinm “Parameter”,
b.ksppstvl “Session Value”,
c.ksppstvl “Instance Value”
FROM x$ksppi a,
x$ksppcv b,
x$ksppsv c
WHERE a.indx = b.indx
AND a.indx = c.indx
AND a.ksppinm LIKE ‘/_disable_direc%’ escape ‘/’

if _disable_directory_link_check is set to FALSE I would suggest you set to TRUE and try to execute datapatch and update again. It should work now.

3. Apply PSU to Grid Infrastruce and RAC database

3.1 Check GI Patches

[oracle@node0 ~]$ opatch lsinventory
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.1.0.1.2
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.1.0.1.2
OUI version       : 12.1.0.1.0
Log file location : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2013-11-24_22-37-14PM_1.log

Lsinventory Output file location : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2013-11-24_22-37-14PM.txt

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Installed Top-level Products (1):

Oracle Grid Infrastructure 12c                                       12.1.0.1.0
There are 1 products installed in this Oracle Home.

There are no Interim patches installed in this Oracle Home.

Patch level status of Cluster nodes :

 Patching Level                  Nodes
 --------------                  -----
 0                               node1,node0,node2,node3

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.2 Check Databases Patches

[oracle@node0 ~]$ opatch lsinventory
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.1.0.1.2
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.1.0.1.2
OUI version       : 12.1.0.1.0
Log file location : /opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2013-11-24_22-39-13PM_1.log

Lsinventory Output file location : /opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2013-11-24_22-39-13PM.txt

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Installed Top-level Products (1):

Oracle Database 12c                                                  12.1.0.1.0
There are 1 products installed in this Oracle Home.

There are no Interim patches installed in this Oracle Home.

Rac system comprising of multiple nodes
  Local node = node0
  Remote node = node1
  Remote node = node2
  Remote node = node3

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3.3 Create response file

[oracle@node0 tmp]$ cd /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/OPatch/ocm/bin
[oracle@node0 bin]$ ls -l
total 12
-rwxr----- 1 oracle oinstall 9063 Nov 27  2009 emocmrsp
[oracle@node0 bin]$ ./emocmrsp
OCM Installation Response Generator 10.3.7.0.0 - Production
Copyright (c) 2005, 2012, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

Provide your email address to be informed of security issues, install and
initiate Oracle Configuration Manager. Easier for you if you use your My
Oracle Support Email address/User Name.
Visit http://www.oracle.com/support/policies.html for details.
Email address/User Name:

You have not provided an email address for notification of security issues.
Do you wish to remain uninformed of security issues ([Y]es, [N]o) [N]:  y
The OCM configuration response file (ocm.rsp) was successfully created.
[oracle@node0 bin]$ ls -l
total 16
-rwxr----- 1 oracle oinstall 9063 Nov 27  2009 emocmrsp
-rw-r--r-- 1 oracle oinstall  623 Nov 24 22:42 ocm.rsp
[oracle@node0 bin]$ cp ocm.rsp /opt/oracle/install/

3.4 Patch GI and Databases with opatchauto
opatchauto is also a new tool to apply patches automated to gi and database at one step. You have to run this as ROOT user:

[root@node0 install]# opatchauto apply /opt/oracle/install/17272829 -ocmrf /opt/oracle/install/ocm.rsp
OPatch Automation Tool
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

OPatchauto version : 12.1.0.1.2
OUI version        : 12.1.0.1.0
Running from       : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid

opatchauto log file: /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/cfgtoollogs/opatchauto/17272829/opatch_gi_2013-11-24_22-43-51_deploy.log

Parameter Validation: Successful

Grid Infrastructure home:
/opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid
RAC home(s):
/opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1

Configuration Validation: Successful

Patch Location: /opt/oracle/install/17272829
Grid Infrastructure Patch(es): 17027533 17077442 17303297
RAC Patch(es): 17027533 17077442

Patch Validation: Successful

Stopping RAC (/opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1) ... Successful
Following database(s) were stopped and will be restarted later during the session: cdb1

Applying patch(es) to "/opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1" ...
Patch "/opt/oracle/install/17272829/17027533" successfully applied to "/opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1".
Patch "/opt/oracle/install/17272829/17077442" successfully applied to "/opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1".

Stopping CRS ... Successful

Applying patch(es) to "/opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid" ...
Patch "/opt/oracle/install/17272829/17027533" successfully applied to "/opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid".
Patch "/opt/oracle/install/17272829/17077442" successfully applied to "/opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid".
Patch "/opt/oracle/install/17272829/17303297" successfully applied to "/opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid".

Starting CRS ... Successful

Starting RAC (/opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1) ... Successful

SQL changes, if any, are applied successfully on the following database(s): CDB1

Apply Summary:
Following patch(es) are successfully installed:
GI Home: /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid: 17027533, 17077442, 17303297
RAC Home: /opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1: 17027533, 17077442

opatchauto succeeded.
[root@node0 install]#

3.5 Check patch on local node

[root@node0 install]# su - oracle
[oracle@node0 ~]$ opatch lsinventory
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.1.0.1.2
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.1.0.1.2
OUI version       : 12.1.0.1.0
Log file location : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2013-11-24_22-57-20PM_1.log

Lsinventory Output file location : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2013-11-24_22-57-20PM.txt

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Installed Top-level Products (1):

Oracle Grid Infrastructure 12c                                       12.1.0.1.0
There are 1 products installed in this Oracle Home.

Interim patches (3) :

Patch  17303297     : applied on Sun Nov 24 22:50:27 CET 2013
Unique Patch ID:  16881795
Patch description:  "ACFS Patch Set Update 12.1.0.1.1"
   Created on 14 Oct 2013, 07:25:50 hrs US/Central
   Bugs fixed:
     14487556, 16398970, 16552813, 16930184, 16420645, 16170117, 16436434
     16476044, 16458315, 16463033, 16095100, 16545876, 16429953, 14826673
     16001893, 16482869, 16371746, 16435343, 14476443, 16294308, 16671486
     16386110, 15978267, 16085530, 16347837, 16814544, 16022372, 16167084
     14510092, 16450287, 16399406

Patch  17077442     : applied on Sun Nov 24 22:49:35 CET 2013
Unique Patch ID:  16881794
Patch description:  "Oracle Clusterware Patch Set Update 12.1.0.1.1"
   Created on 12 Oct 2013, 06:33:53 hrs US/Central
   Bugs fixed:
     16505840, 16505255, 16390989, 16399322, 16505617, 16505717, 17486244
     16168869, 16444109, 16505361, 13866165, 16505763, 16208257, 16904822
     17299876, 16246222, 16505214, 16505540, 15936039, 16580269, 16838292
     16505449, 16801843, 16309853, 16505395, 17507349, 17475155, 16493242
     17039197, 16196609, 17463260, 16505667, 15970176, 16488665, 16670327

Patch  17027533     : applied on Sun Nov 24 22:49:04 CET 2013
Unique Patch ID:  16677152
Patch description:  "Database Patch Set Update : 12.1.0.1.1 (17027533)"
   Created on 27 Sep 2013, 05:30:33 hrs PST8PDT
   Bugs fixed:
     17034172, 16694728, 16448848, 16863422, 16634384, 16465158, 16320173
     16313881, 16910734, 16816103, 16911800, 16715647, 16825779, 16707927
     16392068, 14197853, 16712618, 17273253, 16902138, 16524071, 16856570
     16465149, 16705020, 16689109, 16372203, 16864864, 16849982, 16946613
     16837842, 16964279, 16459685, 16978185, 16845022, 16195633, 14536110
     16964686, 16787973, 16850996, 16674842, 16838328, 16178562, 15996344
     16503473, 16842274, 16935643, 17000176, 14355775, 16362358, 16994576
     16485876, 16919176, 16928832, 16864359, 16617325, 16921340, 16679874
     16788832, 16483559, 16733884, 16784167, 16286774, 15986012, 16660558
     16674666, 16191248, 16697600, 16993424, 16946990, 16589507, 16173738
     16784143, 16772060, 16991789, 17346196, 16495802, 16859937, 16590848
     16910001, 16603924, 16427054, 16730813, 16227068, 16663303, 16784901
     16836849, 16186165, 16457621, 16007562, 16170787, 16663465, 16524968
     16543323, 17027533, 16675710, 17005047, 16795944, 16668226, 16070351
     16212405, 16523150, 16698577, 16621274, 16930325, 17330580, 16443657

Patch level status of Cluster nodes :

 Patching Level                  Nodes
 --------------                  -----
 1650217826                      node0
 0                               node1,node2,node3

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

OPatch succeeded.
[oracle@node0 ~]$

3.6 Repeat the opatchauto process on each node
3.7 Check opatch inventory again now

[root@node0 install]# su - oracle
[oracle@node0 ~]$ opatch lsinventory
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.1.0.1.2
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.1.0.1.2
OUI version       : 12.1.0.1.0
Log file location : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2013-11-24_22-57-20PM_1.log

Lsinventory Output file location : /opt/oracle/12.1.0.1/grid/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2013-11-24_22-57-20PM.txt

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Installed Top-level Products (1):

Oracle Grid Infrastructure 12c                                       12.1.0.1.0
There are 1 products installed in this Oracle Home.

Interim patches (3) :

Patch  17303297     : applied on Sun Nov 24 22:50:27 CET 2013
Unique Patch ID:  16881795
Patch description:  "ACFS Patch Set Update 12.1.0.1.1"
   Created on 14 Oct 2013, 07:25:50 hrs US/Central
   Bugs fixed:
     14487556, 16398970, 16552813, 16930184, 16420645, 16170117, 16436434
     16476044, 16458315, 16463033, 16095100, 16545876, 16429953, 14826673
     16001893, 16482869, 16371746, 16435343, 14476443, 16294308, 16671486
     16386110, 15978267, 16085530, 16347837, 16814544, 16022372, 16167084
     14510092, 16450287, 16399406

Patch  17077442     : applied on Sun Nov 24 22:49:35 CET 2013
Unique Patch ID:  16881794
Patch description:  "Oracle Clusterware Patch Set Update 12.1.0.1.1"
   Created on 12 Oct 2013, 06:33:53 hrs US/Central
   Bugs fixed:
     16505840, 16505255, 16390989, 16399322, 16505617, 16505717, 17486244
     16168869, 16444109, 16505361, 13866165, 16505763, 16208257, 16904822
     17299876, 16246222, 16505214, 16505540, 15936039, 16580269, 16838292
     16505449, 16801843, 16309853, 16505395, 17507349, 17475155, 16493242
     17039197, 16196609, 17463260, 16505667, 15970176, 16488665, 16670327

Patch  17027533     : applied on Sun Nov 24 22:49:04 CET 2013
Unique Patch ID:  16677152
Patch description:  "Database Patch Set Update : 12.1.0.1.1 (17027533)"
   Created on 27 Sep 2013, 05:30:33 hrs PST8PDT
   Bugs fixed:
     17034172, 16694728, 16448848, 16863422, 16634384, 16465158, 16320173
     16313881, 16910734, 16816103, 16911800, 16715647, 16825779, 16707927
     16392068, 14197853, 16712618, 17273253, 16902138, 16524071, 16856570
     16465149, 16705020, 16689109, 16372203, 16864864, 16849982, 16946613
     16837842, 16964279, 16459685, 16978185, 16845022, 16195633, 14536110
     16964686, 16787973, 16850996, 16674842, 16838328, 16178562, 15996344
     16503473, 16842274, 16935643, 17000176, 14355775, 16362358, 16994576
     16485876, 16919176, 16928832, 16864359, 16617325, 16921340, 16679874
     16788832, 16483559, 16733884, 16784167, 16286774, 15986012, 16660558
     16674666, 16191248, 16697600, 16993424, 16946990, 16589507, 16173738
     16784143, 16772060, 16991789, 17346196, 16495802, 16859937, 16590848
     16910001, 16603924, 16427054, 16730813, 16227068, 16663303, 16784901
     16836849, 16186165, 16457621, 16007562, 16170787, 16663465, 16524968
     16543323, 17027533, 16675710, 17005047, 16795944, 16668226, 16070351
     16212405, 16523150, 16698577, 16621274, 16930325, 17330580, 16443657

Patch level status of Cluster nodes :

 Patching Level                  Nodes
 --------------                  -----
 1650217826                      node0,node1,node2,node3

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

OPatch succeeded.

3.8 And on database home

[oracle@node0 ~]$ . oraenv
ORACLE_SID = [+ASM1] ? CDB1
The Oracle base has been set to /opt/oracle/app
[oracle@node0 ~]$ opatch lsinventory
Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 12.1.0.1.2
Copyright (c) 2013, Oracle Corporation.  All rights reserved.

Oracle Home       : /opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /opt/oracle/oraInventory
   from           : /opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1/oraInst.loc
OPatch version    : 12.1.0.1.2
OUI version       : 12.1.0.1.0
Log file location : /opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2013-11-24_22-58-04PM_1.log

Lsinventory Output file location : /opt/oracle/app/12.1.0.1/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/lsinv/lsinventory2013-11-24_22-58-04PM.txt

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Installed Top-level Products (1):

Oracle Database 12c                                                  12.1.0.1.0
There are 1 products installed in this Oracle Home.

Interim patches (2) :

Patch  17077442     : applied on Sun Nov 24 22:46:01 CET 2013
Unique Patch ID:  16881794
Patch description:  "Oracle Clusterware Patch Set Update 12.1.0.1.1"
   Created on 12 Oct 2013, 06:33:53 hrs US/Central
   Bugs fixed:
     16505840, 16505255, 16390989, 16399322, 16505617, 16505717, 17486244
     16168869, 16444109, 16505361, 13866165, 16505763, 16208257, 16904822
     17299876, 16246222, 16505214, 16505540, 15936039, 16580269, 16838292
     16505449, 16801843, 16309853, 16505395, 17507349, 17475155, 16493242
     17039197, 16196609, 17463260, 16505667, 15970176, 16488665, 16670327

Patch  17027533     : applied on Sun Nov 24 22:45:55 CET 2013
Unique Patch ID:  16677152
Patch description:  "Database Patch Set Update : 12.1.0.1.1 (17027533)"
   Created on 27 Sep 2013, 05:30:33 hrs PST8PDT
   Bugs fixed:
     17034172, 16694728, 16448848, 16863422, 16634384, 16465158, 16320173
     16313881, 16910734, 16816103, 16911800, 16715647, 16825779, 16707927
     16392068, 14197853, 16712618, 17273253, 16902138, 16524071, 16856570
     16465149, 16705020, 16689109, 16372203, 16864864, 16849982, 16946613
     16837842, 16964279, 16459685, 16978185, 16845022, 16195633, 14536110
     16964686, 16787973, 16850996, 16674842, 16838328, 16178562, 15996344
     16503473, 16842274, 16935643, 17000176, 14355775, 16362358, 16994576
     16485876, 16919176, 16928832, 16864359, 16617325, 16921340, 16679874
     16788832, 16483559, 16733884, 16784167, 16286774, 15986012, 16660558
     16674666, 16191248, 16697600, 16993424, 16946990, 16589507, 16173738
     16784143, 16772060, 16991789, 17346196, 16495802, 16859937, 16590848
     16910001, 16603924, 16427054, 16730813, 16227068, 16663303, 16784901
     16836849, 16186165, 16457621, 16007562, 16170787, 16663465, 16524968
     16543323, 17027533, 16675710, 17005047, 16795944, 16668226, 16070351
     16212405, 16523150, 16698577, 16621274, 16930325, 17330580, 16443657

Rac system comprising of multiple nodes
  Local node = node0
  Remote node = node1
  Remote node = node2
  Remote node = node3

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

OPatch succeeded.
[oracle@node0 ~]$

All done

Database 12c: Common and local users and roles


Since 12c “nothing” is like before. Today we are talking about the user creation. The user beavior in a Non-CDB is like in 11g and before. In CDBs and PDBs the concept slightly changes. In a multitenant database users will be divided into two different types: Local and common users:

commonuser

Common users

A common user is user which is present in the CDB and all PDBs. Here from documentation:

“A common user is a database user that has the same identity in the root and in every existing and future PDB. Every common user can connect to and perform operations within the root, and within any PDB in which it has privileges.”

Special users are sys and system. Common users have the same characteristic in all instances (e.g. password, tablespace and so on)

Create a new common user:

SQL> alter session set container=CDB$ROOT;

Session altered.

SQL> create user C##TEST1 identified by test1 container = all;

User created.

Common users must start with c## or C##

SQL> create user TEST1 identified by bubu1 container=all;
create user TEST1 identified by bubu1 container=all
            *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-65096: invalid common user or role name

Changes to common users apply to all container:

SQL> create user C##TEST1 identified by test1 container = all default tablespace users;
create user C##TEST1 identified by test1 container = all default tablespace users
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-65048: error encountered when processing the current DDL statement in pluggable database PDB1
ORA-00959: tablespace 'USERS' does not exist

The password is the same in CDB and all PDBs, when trying to change you get an error:

QL> alter user C##TEST1 identified by bubu1;
alter user C##TEST1 identified by bubu1
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-65066: The specified changes must apply to all containers

Changes to common users are only allowed in CDB

SQL> alter user C##TEST1 identified by bubu1 container=all;
alter user C##TEST1 identified by bubu1 container=all
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-65050: Common DDLs only allowed in CDB$ROOT

Local users

Local users are users which are only exsits in a PDB but not in all containers.

Create local users:

SQL> create user TEST1 identified by bubu1;

User created.

SQL> create user TEST2 identified by bubu1 container=current;

User created.

SQL> 

In CDBs no local users can be created:

SQL> create user TEST1 identified by bubu1 container=current;
create user TEST1 identified by bubu1 container=current
                                *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-65049: creation of local user or role is not allowed in CDB$ROOT

The username for a local user must not start with c## or C##

SQL> create user C##TEST1 identified by bubu1;
create user C##TEST1 identified by bubu1
            *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-65094: invalid local user or role name

SQL> create user C##TEST1 identified by bubu1 container=current;
create user C##TEST1 identified by bubu1 container=current
            *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-65094: invalid local user or role name

Common roles

Common roles are like common users roles which are present in CDB and all PDBs. Important is that the privileges are granted at CDB or PDB level, but not over all containers, per default.

SQL> create role C##ROLE1 container=all;

Role created.

SQL> grant create session to C##ROLE1;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> select grantee,privilege,common from dba_sys_privs where grantee='C##ROLE1';
GRANTEE                        PRIVILEGE                      COMMON
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
C##ROLE1                       CREATE SESSION                 NO

SQL> alter session set container=PDB1;

Session altered.

SQL> select grantee,privilege,common from dba_sys_privs where grantee='C##ROLE1';

no rows selected

SQL> 

To grant privileges over all containers:

SQL> alter session set container=CDB$ROOT;

Session altered.

SQL> grant create table to C##ROLE1 container=all;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> select grantee,privilege,common from dba_sys_privs where grantee='C##ROLE1';

GRANTEE                        PRIVILEGE                      COMMON
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
C##ROLE1                       CREATE SESSION                 NO
C##ROLE1                       CREATE TABLE                   YES

SQL> alter session set container=PDB1;

Session altered.

SQL> select grantee,privilege,common from dba_sys_privs where grantee='C##ROLE1';

GRANTEE                        PRIVILEGE                      COMMON
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
C##ROLE1                       CREATE TABLE                   YES

SQL> 

Privileges granted in a pdb will only available in a pdb:

SQL> alter session set container=PDB1;

Session altered.

SQL> select grantee,privilege,common from dba_sys_privs where grantee='C##ROLE1';

GRANTEE                        PRIVILEGE                      COMMON
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
C##ROLE1                       CREATE TABLE                   YES

SQL> grant create view to C##ROLE1;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> select grantee,privilege,common from dba_sys_privs where grantee='C##ROLE1';

GRANTEE                        PRIVILEGE                      COMMON
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
C##ROLE1                       CREATE VIEW                    NO
C##ROLE1                       CREATE TABLE                   YES

SQL> alter session set container=CDB$ROOT;

Session altered.

SQL> select grantee,privilege,common from dba_sys_privs where grantee='C##ROLE1';

GRANTEE                        PRIVILEGE                      COMMON
------------------------------ ------------------------------ ------------------------------
C##ROLE1                       CREATE SESSION                 NO
C##ROLE1                       CREATE TABLE                   YES

SQL> 

Database 12c: Get back from PDB to Non-CDB


I’vh written many articles about converting a Non-CDB to a PDB. I’m going to check the way back to a Non-CDB now.

First check what a convert to PDB is. The plug-in process of a Non-CDB consists of two parts:

  1. (PHYSICAL) Migration of the necessary datafiles
  2. (LOGICAL) Conversion of the data dictionary with the noncdb_to_pdb.sql script

How it works?

“The non-CDB’s datafiles, together with the manually created manifest, can now be treated as
if they were an ordinarily unplugged PDB and simply plugged in to the target CDB and
opened as a PDB. However, as will be explained immediately, it must be opened with the
Restricted status set to YES. The tablespaces holding quota-consuming data are immediately
viable, just as if this had been a Data Pump import using transportable tablespaces. However,
the former non-CDB’s data dictionary so far has a full description of the Oracle system. This
is now superfluous, and so it must simply be removed. While still with the Restricted status set
to YES, the noncdb_to_pdb.sql script (found on the admin_directory under Oracle Home) must be
run. Now the PDB may be closed and then opened ordinarily.” –> Found here

The seconds step make all physical revert step impossible, because there is datafile 1 or real SYSTEM tablespace any more. These steps are:

  1. RMAN Full or Point-in-time-recovery will restore the whole CDB and not only the PDB. Further this is no PDB to Non-CDB conversion
  2. Transportable Database is not usable because datafile 1 is not the real SYSTEM tablespace

All in all the root problem is, that no datafile 1 or independent SYSTEM tablespace exists any more.

And now the ways to get back:

  1. Transportable Tablespace (this is the smoothest way)
  2. DataPump full export/import
  3. Other logical migration ways like Oracle GoldenGate

I’vh tested old export tool (exp) too, but exporting a PDB will end with the error “EXP-00062: invalid source statements for an object type”

If there are more ways I will appreciate a comment 🙂

Database 12c: Duplicate PDB


Today morning I wanted to check how to duplicate a PDB. The first questions to me were:

  • Duplicate PDB, how to create an empty PDB and bring it to nomount like non-cdbs?
  • Duplicate within a CDB?

Here the answer:

The duplication process of a PDB works at CDB level. So if you want to duplicate a PDB you have to create an empty CDB instance. Then the needed parts of the CDB will be cloned and all other dropped. This will answer the second question: duplication within a CDB is not out-of-the-box possible. But you are able to clone the PDB or use a shadow CDB.

Here the example to clone:

Setup:

  • Target CDB = CDB12C1
  • Auxiliary CDB = CDB12C3
  • PDB to duplicate = Only PDB1
[bash]$ rman target sys/<password>@cdb12c1 auxiliary sys/<password>@cdb12c3

Recovery Manager: Release 12.1.0.1.0 - Production on Sat Jul 20 13:15:57 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

connected to target database: CDB12C1 (DBID=2076797181)
connected to auxiliary database: CDB12C3 (not mounted)

RMAN> duplicate target database to CDB12C3 pluggable database pdb1 from active database;

Starting Duplicate Db at 20-JUL-13
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_AUX_DISK_1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: SID=5 device type=DISK
current log archived

contents of Memory Script:
{
   sql clone "alter system set  db_name = 
 ''CDB12C1'' comment=
 ''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile";
   sql clone "alter system set  db_unique_name = 
 ''CDB12C3'' comment=
 ''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile";
   shutdown clone immediate;
   startup clone force nomount
   restore clone from service  'cdb12c1' primary controlfile;
   alter clone database mount;
}
executing Memory Script

sql statement: alter system set  db_name =  ''CDB12C1'' comment= ''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile

sql statement: alter system set  db_unique_name =  ''CDB12C3'' comment= ''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile

Oracle instance shut down

Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area     417546240 bytes

Fixed Size                     2289064 bytes
Variable Size                293601880 bytes
Database Buffers             113246208 bytes
Redo Buffers                   8409088 bytes

Starting restore at 20-JUL-13
allocated channel: ORA_AUX_DISK_1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: SID=5 device type=DISK

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring control file
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
output file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/control01.ctl
Finished restore at 20-JUL-13

database mounted
Skipping pluggable database PDB2
Automatically adding tablespace SYSTEM
Automatically adding tablespace SYSAUX
Automatically adding tablespace PDB$SEED:SYSTEM
Automatically adding tablespace PDB$SEED:SYSAUX
Automatically adding tablespace UNDOTBS1
Skipping tablespace USERS

contents of Memory Script:
{
   set newname for clone datafile  1 to new;
   set newname for clone datafile  3 to new;
   set newname for clone datafile  4 to new;
   set newname for clone datafile  5 to new;
   set newname for clone datafile  7 to new;
   set newname for clone datafile  21 to new;
   set newname for clone datafile  22 to new;
   restore
   from service  'cdb12c1'   clone database
   skip forever tablespace  "USERS",
 "PDB2":"SYSTEM",
 "PDB2":"SYSAUX"   ;
   sql 'alter system archive log current';
}
executing Memory Script

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

Starting restore at 20-JUL-13
using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00001 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_system_%u_.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00003 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_%u_.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00004 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_undotbs1_%u_.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00005 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_system_%u_.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00007 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_%u_.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00021 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_system_%u_.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting datafile backup set restore
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) to restore from backup set
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring datafile 00022 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_%u_.dbf
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
Finished restore at 20-JUL-13

sql statement: alter system archive log current
current log archived

contents of Memory Script:
{
   restore clone force from service  'cdb12c1' 
           archivelog from scn  2534976;
   switch clone datafile all;
}
executing Memory Script

Starting restore at 20-JUL-13
using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1

channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting archived log restore to default destination
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring archived log
archived log thread=1 sequence=97
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: starting archived log restore to default destination
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: using network backup set from service cdb12c1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restoring archived log
archived log thread=1 sequence=98
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: restore complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished restore at 20-JUL-13

datafile 1 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=10 STAMP=821279836 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_system_8ynwdjk0_.dbf
datafile 3 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=11 STAMP=821279836 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwdqkh_.dbf
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=12 STAMP=821279836 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_undotbs1_8ynwdynw_.dbf
datafile 5 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=13 STAMP=821279836 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_system_8ynwf5kv_.dbf
datafile 7 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=14 STAMP=821279836 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwf8lz_.dbf
datafile 21 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=15 STAMP=821279836 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_system_8ynwfhny_.dbf
datafile 22 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=16 STAMP=821279836 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwflo0_.dbf

contents of Memory Script:
{
   set until scn  2535061;
   recover
   clone database
   skip forever tablespace  "USERS",
 "PDB2":"SYSTEM",
 "PDB2":"SYSAUX"    delete archivelog
   ;
}
executing Memory Script

executing command: SET until clause

Starting recover at 20-JUL-13
using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1

Executing: alter database datafile 6 offline drop
Executing: alter database datafile 23 offline drop
Executing: alter database datafile 24 offline drop
starting media recovery

archived log for thread 1 with sequence 97 is already on disk as file /opt/oracle/app/fast_recovery_area/CDB12C3/archivelog/2013_07_20/o1_mf_1_97_8ynwft7h_.arc
archived log for thread 1 with sequence 98 is already on disk as file /opt/oracle/app/fast_recovery_area/CDB12C3/archivelog/2013_07_20/o1_mf_1_98_8ynwfv8y_.arc
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/app/fast_recovery_area/CDB12C3/archivelog/2013_07_20/o1_mf_1_97_8ynwft7h_.arc thread=1 sequence=97
archived log file name=/opt/oracle/app/fast_recovery_area/CDB12C3/archivelog/2013_07_20/o1_mf_1_98_8ynwfv8y_.arc thread=1 sequence=98
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:00
Finished recover at 20-JUL-13
Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area     417546240 bytes

Fixed Size                     2289064 bytes
Variable Size                293601880 bytes
Database Buffers             113246208 bytes
Redo Buffers                   8409088 bytes

contents of Memory Script:
{
   sql clone "alter system set  db_name = 
 ''CDB12C3'' comment=
 ''Reset to original value by RMAN'' scope=spfile";
   sql clone "alter system reset  db_unique_name scope=spfile";
}
executing Memory Script

sql statement: alter system set  db_name =  ''CDB12C3'' comment= ''Reset to original value by RMAN'' scope=spfile

sql statement: alter system reset  db_unique_name scope=spfile
Oracle instance started

Total System Global Area     417546240 bytes

Fixed Size                     2289064 bytes
Variable Size                293601880 bytes
Database Buffers             113246208 bytes
Redo Buffers                   8409088 bytes
sql statement: CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE SET DATABASE "CDB12C3" RESETLOGS ARCHIVELOG 
  MAXLOGFILES     16
  MAXLOGMEMBERS      3
  MAXDATAFILES     1024
  MAXINSTANCES     8
  MAXLOGHISTORY      292
 LOGFILE
  GROUP   1  SIZE 50 M ,
  GROUP   2  SIZE 50 M ,
  GROUP   3  SIZE 50 M 
 DATAFILE
  '/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_system_8ynwdjk0_.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_system_8ynwf5kv_.dbf',
  '/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_system_8ynwfhny_.dbf'
 CHARACTER SET AL32UTF8

contents of Memory Script:
{
   set newname for clone tempfile  1 to new;
   set newname for clone tempfile  2 to new;
   set newname for clone tempfile  3 to new;
   switch clone tempfile all;
   catalog clone datafilecopy  "/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwdqkh_.dbf", 
 "/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_undotbs1_8ynwdynw_.dbf", 
 "/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwf8lz_.dbf", 
 "/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwflo0_.dbf";
   switch clone datafile all;
}
executing Memory Script

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

executing command: SET NEWNAME

renamed tempfile 1 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_temp_%u_.tmp in control file
renamed tempfile 2 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_temp_%u_.tmp in control file
renamed tempfile 3 to /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_temp_%u_.tmp in control file

cataloged datafile copy
datafile copy file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwdqkh_.dbf RECID=1 STAMP=821279854
cataloged datafile copy
datafile copy file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_undotbs1_8ynwdynw_.dbf RECID=2 STAMP=821279854
cataloged datafile copy
datafile copy file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwf8lz_.dbf RECID=3 STAMP=821279854
cataloged datafile copy
datafile copy file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwflo0_.dbf RECID=4 STAMP=821279854

datafile 3 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=1 STAMP=821279854 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwdqkh_.dbf
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=2 STAMP=821279854 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_undotbs1_8ynwdynw_.dbf
datafile 7 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=3 STAMP=821279854 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwf8lz_.dbf
datafile 22 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=4 STAMP=821279854 file name=/opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C3/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynwflo0_.dbf

contents of Memory Script:
{
   Alter clone database open resetlogs;
}
executing Memory Script

database opened
Executing: drop pluggable database "PDB2"

contents of Memory Script:
{
   sql clone "alter pluggable database all open";
}
executing Memory Script

sql statement: alter pluggable database all open
Dropping offline and skipped tablespaces
Executing: alter database default tablespace system
Executing: drop tablespace "USERS" including contents cascade constraints
Finished Duplicate Db at 20-JUL-13

RMAN>

Now check the new PDB

SQL> select * from v$pdbs

    CON_ID       DBID    CON_UID GUID                             NAME                           OPEN_MODE  RES OPEN_TIME                                                                   CREATE_SCN TOTAL_SIZE
---------- ---------- ---------- -------------------------------- ------------------------------ ---------- --- --------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------- ----------
         2 4063775335 4063775335 E1E189D14D2C2049E0430100007FAB5B PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO  20-JUL-13 01.17.36.174 PM                                                      1720752  283115520
         3 3328955419 3328955419 E1EE338E12A16C3EE0430100007F1A4F PDB1                           READ WRITE NO  20-JUL-13 01.17.39.820 PM                                                      2502055  283115520

SQL> 

Important to know is that the GUID of the PDB doesn’t change in the new CDB.

Database 12c: Clone PDBs (offline and online)


In 12c it is possible to clone PDB’s. Here an example:

1. Bring source PDB in correct state:

SQL> select con_id,name,open_mode,restricted from v$pdbs;

    CON_ID NAME                           OPEN_MODE  RES GUID
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- --- --------------------------------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO  E1E189D14D2C2049E0430100007FAB5B
         3 PDB1                           READ WRITE NO  E1F01A2ED12F718AE0430100007F25BA

SQL> alter pluggable database pdb1 close;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> alter pluggable database pdb1 open read only;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL>

2. Clone PDB

SQL> create pluggable database pdb2 from pdb1;

Pluggable database created.

    CON_ID NAME                 OPEN_MODE  RES GUID
---------- -------------------- ---------- --- --------------------------------
         2 PDB$SEED             READ ONLY  NO  E1E189D14D2C2049E0430100007FAB5B
         3 PDB1                 READ ONLY  NO  E1EE338E12A16C3EE0430100007F1A4F
         4 PDB2                 MOUNTED        E1F01A2ED12F718AE0430100007F25BA

SQL> select con_id,name from v$datafile order by 1;
    CON_ID NAME
---------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         1 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/system01.dbf
         1 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/sysaux01.dbf
         1 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/undotbs01.dbf
         1 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/users01.dbf
         2 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/pdbseed/sysaux01.dbf
         2 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/pdbseed/system01.dbf
         3 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/E1EE338E12A16C3EE0430100007F1A4F/datafile/o1_mf_system_8ynlfvd5_.dbf
         3 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/E1EE338E12A16C3EE0430100007F1A4F/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8ynlfx2p_.dbf
         4 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/E1F01A2ED12F718AE0430100007F25BA/datafile/o1_mf_sysaux_8yntf0xb_.dbf
         4 /opt/oracle/app/oradata/CDB12C1/E1F01A2ED12F718AE0430100007F25BA/datafile/o1_mf_system_8yntdzmf_.dbf

3. Bring both PDB’s in correct state

SQL> alter pluggable database pdb1 close;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> alter pluggable database pdb1 open;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL> alter pluggable database pdb2 open;

Pluggable database altered.

SQL>

As you can see you have to bring a PDB in READ ONLY mode to clone it. I think this is not really suitable for production environments.

After some bainstorming I found a way to clone PDB’s online. All you need is some storage. Here the plan to clone PDBs online:

  1. Duplicate target PDB to a auxiliary PDB
    –> Bring the PDB to an non production environment
  2. Create a clone PDB from the auxiliary PDB
    –> The GUID of the PDB must change to replug in old CDB. I don’t found another way to change the GUID right now.
  3. Unplug an plug the clone PDB in the target CDB
    –> Transport metadata back to target
  4. Cleanup the shadow CDB
    –> Cleanup all

I’vh read that the real online cloning functionality will come in the next release.

Database 12c: Convert Non-CDB with different character set to PDB


Today I want to discuss converting of a Non-CDB with different character set to a PDB. I think this a very interesting part, because it is possible. So you are able to provide multiple Character Sets in one database (maybe). Like in every characterset migration it depends on the character set you want to migrate to.

Here the limits for PDB migration:

  • The character set is the same as the national character set of the CDB. In this case, the plugging operation succeeds (as far as the national character set is concerned).
  • The character set is not the same as the national character set of the CDB. In this case, the new PDB can only be opened in restricted mode for administrative tasks and cannot be used for production. Unless you have a tool that can migrate the national character set of the new PDB to the character set of the CDB, the new PDB is unusable.

“If you cannot migrate your existing databases prior to consolidation, then you have to partition them into sets with plug-in compatible database character sets and plug each set into a separate CDB with the appropriate superset character set”:

  • US7ASCII, WE8ISO8859P1, and WE8MSWIN1252 into a WE8MSWIN1252 CDB
  • WE8ISO8859P15 into a WE8ISO8859P15 CDB
  • JA16SJISTILDE into a JA16SJISTILDE CDB
  • JA16EUC into a JA16EUC CDB
  • KO16KSC5601, KO16MSWIN949 into a KO16MSWIN949 CDB
  • UTF8 and AL32UTF8 into an AL32UTF8 CDB

Here an example of PDB_PLUG_IN_VIOLATIONS for a compatible PDB:

NAME                           CAUSE                  TYPE      MESSAGE                                                                                              STATUS
------------------------------ ---------------------- --------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------
DB12CEE4                       Database CHARACTER SET WARNING   Character set mismatch: PDB character set UTF8 CDB character set AL32UTF8.                           PENDING
DB12CEE4                       Non-CDB to PDB         WARNING   PDB plugged in is a non-CDB, requires noncdb_to_pdb.sql be run.                                      PENDING
DB12CEE4                       Parameter              WARNING   CDB parameter sga_target mismatch: Previous 788529152 Current 2768240640                             PENDING
DB12CEE4                       Parameter              WARNING   CDB parameter pga_aggregate_target mismatch: Previous 262144000 Current 917504000                    PENDING

Migrating from UTF8 to AL32UTF8, after plug-in the database characterset has been changed automatical (it seems to be -> maybe during dictionary check):

SQL> select * from nls_database_parameters where parameter like '%CHARACTERSET';

PARAMETER                      VALUE
------------------------------ ------------------------------
NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET         AL16UTF16
NLS_CHARACTERSET               AL32UTF8

Here an example of PDB_PLUG_IN_VIOLATIONS for a non compatible PDB:

NAME                           CAUSE                  TYPE      MESSAGE                                                                                              STATUS
------------------------------ ---------------------- --------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------
DB12CEE1                       Database CHARACTER SET ERROR     Character set mismatch: PDB character set WE8MSWIN1252 CDB character set AL32UTF8.                   PENDING
DB12CEE1                       Non-CDB to PDB         WARNING   PDB plugged in is a non-CDB, requires noncdb_to_pdb.sql be run.                                      PENDING
DB12CEE1                       Parameter              WARNING   CDB parameter sga_target mismatch: Previous 788529152 Current 2768240640                             PENDING
DB12CEE1                       Parameter              WARNING   CDB parameter pga_aggregate_target mismatch: Previous 262144000 Current 917504000                    PENDING

Migrating from WE8MSWIN1252 to AL32UTF8, after plug-in the database characterset nothing changed:

SQL> select * from nls_database_parameters where parameter like '%CHARACTERSET';

PARAMETER                      VALUE
------------------------------ ------------------------------
NLS_NCHAR_CHARACTERSET         AL16UTF16
NLS_CHARACTERSET               WE8MSWIN1252

As documentated plug-in and convert of both were possible. Example 1 successfully and example 2 with errors in cause of the characterset. Notice: Productive use of the second example is not supported, but possible. Why?

  • R/W open only in restricted session mode –> Maybe user connect as SYSDBA?
  • R/O open possible –> Maybe you can use it for Reporting, without changing characterset?
  • RMAN Backup is possible

Why do I mention this? If you doesn’t take care on the CS during migration to PDB the way back is not as easy as it should be. Of course in this case I have to export and import in another PDB, but I can’t physically migrate back. I have to two options to get to an usable result (WE8MSWIN1252 –>AL32UTF8)

  1. AL32UTF8 is a logical superset and migrationable with export/import procedure
  2. Migration with replication

Directly convert with plug-in is possible but only a usable step for this case, because I’vh to do the migration again in a logical form.

Conslusion: Take care on the characterset before migration to PDB. Not convertable charactersets need an convert be for an logical and no physical or partly physical migration way.